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100+ GEOGRAPHY MCQS With Answers | NTS

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General Knowledge MCQ
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  1. What is ‘Cathy Pacific’
    (b) Newspaper
    (c) News Agency   (d) Island
  1. The main cause of earthquakes is :
    • Sudden Cooling and Contraction of the earth’s Surface
    • Coming into activity of some dormant volcanoes
    • Due to internal heat, sometimes water changes into steam and
    • All of the
  2. Which of the following countries are land locked?
    • Ugauda, Austria, Hungry, Laos
    • Albania, Brazil, Greece, Kenya
    • Sudan, Sweden, Cuba, Senegal
    • Tanzania, Mozambique, Somalia, Portugal
  3. The World’s largest Island is :
    • Greenland (b) Sumatra
    • (c) New Guinea (d) Madagascar
  1. The Soan and the Haro are the two rivers of:
    • Baluchistan Plateau (b) Potohar Plateau

(c) Northern areas                       (d) Azad Kashmir

  1. Punjab’s size in the total land mass of Pakistan is :
    (a) 7% (b) 25.8%

(c) 29.7%  (d) 37.7%


  1. The “Shandur Pass” at the Height of 12,205 feet connects:
    • Chitral and Gilgit (b) Chitral and Bannu

(c) Mardan and Malkand           (d) Gilgit and Kashgars

  1. The area lying between river Beas and the Ravi is called:-
    • Chaj Doab (b) Rachna Doab

(c) Bari Doab   (d) Saharwal Doab

  1. Which part of Punjab is famous for shisham Timber Forests?
    • Changa Manga
    • Ala Chitta Range
    • Murree Kohuta Range
    • Mianwali and Kalabagh
  2. Which of the following Central Asian State is enriched with the world’s largest mineral resources?
    • Uzbekistan (b) Kazakistan

(c) Azerbaijan (d) Turkmenistan

  1. The largest number of fatalities by earth quakes were recorded in :
    • Gilan (Iran) June, 21st 1990
    • Kobe (Japan) January 17th 1995
    • Takhar (Afghanistan February 4th 1998
    • Izmir (Turky)August, 17th 1999
  2. Pakistan Forest institution is located in:
    • Karachi (b) Rawalpindi

(c) Lahore                                         (d) Peshawar

  1. The archaeological site “Kot Diji” is located near the city of:
    • Larkana (b) Thatta (c) Khairpur (d) Swat
  1. Pakistan is surrounded in the North West by:
    • Iran (b) China (c) Afghanistan   (d) Himalayas Range
  1. The most precious gemstone “Emerald” are found in:
    • Gilgit (b) Hunza (c) Swat    (d) Dir


  1. On a 1: 50,000 map, village A and B are 5 cm apart. What is the real distance in km?
    • 1 ¼ km (b) 1 ¼ km (c)  2 ¼ km (b) 2 ½ km
  1. To show the distribution of People of Pakistan we should use:
    • Shade method (b) Do method (c) Isopleth  (d) Bargraph
  1. The strength of wave action depends on all these EXCEPT:
    • Currents in the sea (b) Wind strength (c) Depth of coastal water        (d) Height of waves
  1. Bore is caused by:
    • Rising tide while meeting river currents
    • Friction from prevailing winds
    • Spring tide and strong winds
    • Unequal heating of oceans
  2. Which of these is not a metamorphic rock?
    • Quartzite (b) Slate(c) Shale (d) Schist
  1. Earthquakes are vibrations associated with all the following EXCEPT:
    • Seduction of rock during collision of crystal plats
    • Volcanic eruptions
    • Subsidence of a geosyncline
    • Movement along major faults
  2. Biological weathering occurs in the ways
    • Joint widening by roots
    • Honeycomb weathering
    • Reaction with humid acid
    • Reaction with plant and animal solution
  3. Which of the following has the highest annual rainfall?
    • Sialkot (b) Rawalpindi (c) Parachinar  (d) Chitral
  1. The largest district of the Punjab by area is:
    • Dera Gazi Khan (b) Rajanpur(c) Bahawalpur  (d) Rahim Yar Khan
  1. Pakistan Environmental Protection Ordinance was enforced in:

(a) 1984                                               (b) 1986

(c) 1988                                               (d) 1990

  1. Which of these is a process of transportation in a river?
    • Solution (b) Corrosion (c) Attrition (d) Deposition
  1. A canyon is a large form of:
    • Dry valley (b) Gorge (c) Pediment   (d) Badiand
  1. What kind of weathering takes place on the valley side above the surface of the glacier?
    • Plucking (b) Abrasion

(c) Chemical weathering            (d) Frost shattering

  1. Which of the statements to about the Troposphere is not true?
    • It contains 85-90% of the atmosphere’s mass
    • It contains nearly all the water and oxygen of the atmosphere
    • It is the zone which exhibits changes in condition of weather
    • It is about 350 km thick
  2. A wind which reverses seasonally is known as
    • Trade (b) Cyclonic

(c) Monsoon                                     (d) Polar

  1. The Stevenson screen contains all of these EXCEPT:
    • Wet bulb thermometer (b) Maximum thermometer

(c) Ordinary thermometer       (d) Anemometer

  1. Weather describe the condition of at any one time:
    • The earth (b) The land surface

(c) The atmosphere                     (d) The ionosphere

  1. Temperature increases with increasing altitude by 10øC for every rise:

(a) 100 ft                                           (b) 150 m

(c) 250 m                                             (d) 300 m


  1. Water vapour turns into clouds in the atmosphere when:
    • It rains (b) The temperature rise

(c) Dew point is reached             (d) Evaporation takes place

  1. When a warm air is lifted off the surface in temperature depression it is called:
    • An occlusion (b) A cold front

(c) An anticyclone                         (d) A warm front

  1. Afternoon rains in the equatorial region are the result of influences:
    • Convectional (b) Monsoon

(c) Frontal                                        (d) Land Breeze

  1. Mediterranean regions are useful for all these EXCEPT?
    • Tourism (b) Forestry

(c) Fruit growing                           (d) Wine production

  1. The best projection to suit the map of Pakistan is:
    • Simple cylindrical (b) Conical

(c) Zenithal                                      (d) Conventional

  1. The extinct Volcanic Peak of Koh-i-Sultan is in:
    • Saudi Arabia (b) Turkey

(c) Iran                                              (d) Pakistan

  1. The length of River Ganges is approx:

(a) 2500 km                                      (b) 2960 km

(c) 3840 km                                      (d) 2780 km

  1. Deccan Plateau is in:
    • Europe (b) Asia

(c) Australia                                    (d) Africa

  1. The only river in Pakistan flows, SW-NE direction:
    • The Gomal (b) The Kurram

(c) The Zhobe                                  (d) The Swat

  1. Potwar Plateau bounded on the south by:
    • Siwalik hills (b) Indus river

(c) Salt range                                  (d) Jelum river

  1. The Mountain Peak of Takht-i-Sulaiman is in:
    • Yemen (b) Turkey


(c) Pakistan                                     (d) Iran

  1. Black Race is not in:
    • Gambia (b) Portugal

(c) Guinea Bissau                          (d) Mali

  1. SURMA is the name
    • River (b) Desert

(c) Mountain                                    (d) Island

  1. Transportation and trade are:
    • Primary activities (b) Secondary activities

(c) Tertiary activities                   (d) None of these

  1. ‘Kyoto Protocol’ is an international treaty relating to:
    • Child labour abuses
    • Environmental problems
    • Elimination of chemical and biological weapons
    • Women’s rights
  2. Which of the following Sufi saints belong to “Chistia order”?
    • Hazrat Baha-ud-Din Zakariya
    • Hazrat Shah Rukn-i-Alam
    • Hazrat Farid-ud-Din Ganj Shakar
    • None of the above
  3. The longest river in South Asia is:
    • The Ganges (b) The Indus

(c) The Brahm putra                   (d) The Sutlej

  1. The total length of Railways in Pakistan is:
    (a) 5000 km (b) 8875 km (c) 7500 km  (d) 9235 km
  1. The length of River Indus is:

(a) 2880 km   (b) 2700 km

(c) 2650 km    (d) 3200 km

  1. The oldest Hydro-electric Project in Pakistan is:
    • Dargai (b) Rasul(c) Warsak(d) Malakand
  2. The oldest barrage on the river Indus at Sukkur was built in:
    (a) 1932 (b) 1940 (c) 1930 (d) 1928
  1. World’s density of population (1990 estimate):
    • 50 person per sq km (b) 39 person per sq km

(c) 46 person per sq km  (d) 31 person per sq km

  1. Which of the following continents has no desert?
    • Australia (b) North America

(c) South America                         (d) Europe

  1. Which of the following regions is ‘Peninsula’?
    • Arabia (b) Scandinavia

(c) Alaska                                         (d) All of above.

  1. The richest fishing ground in the world:
    • North Western Europe
    • North Eastern Asia
    • North Western North America
    • North Eastern North America
  2. The oldest Iron and steel industry centre in India is:
    • Bombay (b) Durgapur

(c) Bhalai                                          (d) Jamshedpur

  1. Buddhism accounts for 100% of the total population in:
    • Nepal (b) Bhutan

(c) Sri Lanka                                   (d) China

  1. Maize, Rice and Wheat are generally referred as:
    • Root crops (b) Cereal Crops

(c) Legumes Crops granaries (d) None of the above

  1. The largest latitude circle on earth is:
    • Arctic circle (b) Tropic of cancer

(c) The Equator                              (d) Tropic of Capricorn

  1. World’s largest Delta is:
    • Italy (b) Mexico

(c) Sunderlands (India)              (d) Bangladesh

  1. Which is the largest tea producing country in the world?
    • Nigeria (b) Indonesia

(c) India                                             (d) Kenya


  1. Three Persian Gulf Islands, Abu Mussa, The Greater and Lesser Tunbs, are disputed between:
    • Iran and Iraq (b) Iran and A.E.

(c) Iraq and Kuwait                      (d) Qatar and Bahrain

  1. “Darwin” is the seaport of:
    • Australia (b) France

(c) U.K.                                              (d) Germany

  1. Which country produces maximum gold?
    • Brunei (b) South Africa

(c) Australia                                    (d) New Zealand

  1. Which city is called “City of seven hills”?
    • New York (b) London

(c) Paris                                             (d) Rome

  1. “Broadway” (New York S.A.) is the world’s largest:
    • Theatre (b) Thoroughfare

(c) Museum                                     (d) Gymnaseum

  1. What is meant by “Equinox”?
    • The longest day
    • The shortest day
    • The sun-month long day
    • Equal duration of day and night
  2. The season changes because of the:
    • Moon is revolving round the earth
    • Earth is revolving round its axis
    • Earth is revolving round the sun
    • Planet Mars is attracting the sun
  3. The distance of longitude represents how many minutes difference in time:
    • 10 minutes (b) 4 minutes

(c) 15 minutes                                 (d) 1 minute

  1. ‘49th Parallel’ is a boundary line between:
    • North and South Korea
    • China and Mongolia
    • Germany and Poland
    • USA and Canada


  1. “Zardak” is the highest peak of:
    • Karakoram range (b) Sulaiman range
      (c) Kirthar range (d) Hindukush range
  1. When one place on the earth is on a bigger eastern longitude then its time will be:
    • Ahead
    • Behind
    • Equal to the time of other place
    • Exactly one day behind than
  2. What is the age of the earth?
    • 5000 million years (b) 6000 million years

(c) 4000 million years                  (d) 5500 million years

  1. “Antarctica” is situated in the:
    • North Pole (b) South Pole

(c) Eastern Hemisphere             (d) Western Hemisphere

  1. Which continent is termed as “Dark continent”?
    • Asia (b) Africa

(c) Australia                                    (d) South America

  1. The biggest desert “Sahara” is in:
    • America (b) Australia

(c) Africa                                          (d) Asia

  1. The country which is first in Petroleum oil production is?
    • Indonesia (b) Netherland

(c) Iran                                              (d) Saudi Arabia

  1. Maximum quantity of diamonds are found in:
    • North America (b) South America

(c) India                                             (d) Africa

  1. In which continent is the Alps mountains to be found?
    • Asia (b) Africa

(c) Australia                                    (d) Europe

  1. “London” is situated by the side of which river?
    • Seine (b) Don

(c) Australia                                    (d) Thames


  1. “Madagascar” is the largest island in the:
    • Pacific Ocean (b) Atlantic Ocean

(c) Indian Ocean                            (d) Arctic Sea

  1. “Suez” Canal is between:
    • Red sea and Mediterranean
    • North sea and Caspian sea
    • Indian Ocean and China sea
    • Atlantic and Pacific Oceans
  2. Which is the shortest day in the Northern Hemisphere?
    • Ist January (b) 22nd December

(c) 30th December                       (d) 1st December

  1. The animal Kangaroo is to be found in :
    • Malaysia (b) Australia

(c) Sri Lanka                                   (d) Mauritius

  1. The earth’s rotation on its axis is from:
    • South to North (b) North to South

(c) East to West                             (d) West to East

  1. Which country has the largest production of aluminium?
    • Germany (b) Canada

(c) U.S.A.                                          (d) India

  1. To control was environmental hazards, United Nations will hold the “Earth Summit 2002” in:
    • Brazil (b) Canada

(c) South Africa                             (d) Norway

  1. By area, the World’s largest country is:
    • Canada (b) USA

(c) Russia                                          (d) China

  1. Which country is known as “Land of midnight sun”?
    • Italy (b) Canada

(c) Japan                                           (d) Norway

  1. Rainfall related to mountains is:
    • Orographic rainfall (b) Normal rainfall

(c) Monsoon rains                         (d) Cyclonic rainfall


  1. Which waterway gives the source of terrestrial moisture?
    • Ocean (b) Rivers

(c) Lakes                                           (d) Canals

  1. Bangladesh has a dispute over the construction of a dam on Naaf river with:
    • India (b) Myanmar

(c) Nepal                                           (d) China

  1. A large group of islands is known as
    • Peninsula (b) Archipelago

(c) Strait                                           (d) Channel

  1. A large coral reef containing islands encompassing a sea water lagoon is named:
    • Arctic (b) Atoll

(c) Bank                                            (d) Alpine

  1. These are only two double land-locked countries in the Double land locked means a land-locked country which is also surrounded by land locked neighbouring countries. Name both the countries?
    • Uzbekistan and Liechtenstein
    • Uzbekistan and Chad
    • Uzbekistan and Mali
    • Liechtenstein and
  2. Basin is a low land Which are the largest basins in the face of the earth?
    • Seas (b) Oceans (c) Rivers    (d) None of the above
  1. Among these SAARC countries which is not land locked?
    • Bhutan (b) Nepal(c) Sri Lanka  (d) None of the above

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