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50+ MCQS of Chemistry With Answer | 1st Year Chemistry Notes

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Chemistry MCQs. Mcqs for students MCAT ECAT ETEA, PPSC Test, FPSC Test, SPSC Test, KPPSC Test,BPSC Test, PTS ,OTS,GTS,JTS,CTS and also for job seeker who want to prepare their test preparation.

Q1: Smallest particle of an element which may or may not have independent existence

(a) molecule    (b)     an atom

(c)       an ion         (d)     an electron

Q2: Swedish chemist J. Berzelius determined the

(a) atomic no.    (b)     atomic volume

(c)       atomic mass         (d)     atomic density

Q3: The number of atoms present in a molecule determine its

molecularity (b)     basicity

(c)       acidity         (d)     atomicity

Q4 : When an electron is added to a unipositive ion we get

(a) anion  (b)     cation

(c)       neutral atom         (d)     molecule

Q5: CO+ is an example of:

(a) free radical   (b)     cationic molecular ion

(c)an ionic molecular ion  (d) stable molecule

Q6 : Relative atomic mass is the mass of an atom of an element as compared to the mass of

(a) oxygen         (b)     hydrogen

(c)       nitrogen      (d)     carbon

Q7 :Isotopes are the sister atoms of the same element with similar chemical properties and different

(a)atomic number       (b)     atomic mass

(c)       atomic volume      (d)     atomic structure

Q8 : The instrument which is used to measure the exact masses of different isotopes of an element called

(a) I.R. Spectrophotometer   (b)     U.V. Spectrophotometer

(c)       Mass Spectrometer        (d)     Colourimeter

Q9: Mass spectrometer separates different positive isotopic ions on the basis of their

(a) mass value   (b)     m/e value

(c)       e/m  value   (d)     change value


Q10: Simplest formula that gives us information about the simple ratio of atoms in a compound is called

(a) structural formula  (b)     molecular formula

(c)       empirical formula (d)     molar ratio

Q11: Percentage of oxygen in H2O is

(a) 80% (b) 88.8%
(c) 8.8% (d) 9.8%

Q12 :More abundant isotope of an element is one with

(a) even atomic no.         (b)     odd atomic no.

(c)       Even mass no.      (d)     odd mass no.

Q13: Large no. of isotopes are known for the elements whose masses are multiple of

(a) two     (b)     four

(c)      six     (d)     eight

Q14: When 0.01 kg of CaCO3 is decomposed the CO2 produced occupies a volume at S.T.P.

(a)       2.2414 dm3 (b)     22.414 dm3

(c)       22414 dm3 (d)     224014 dm3

Q15: The no. of covalent bond in 10gm of NH3 are

(a)       6.022 x 1023        (b)     1.062 x 1023

(c)       10.62 x 1024        (d)     1.062 x 1024

Q16 : No. of molecules present in 10gm of water are

(a)       3.37 x 1023 (b)     33.7 x 1023

(c)       3.37 x 1024 (d)     3.037 x 1024

Q17: The no. of covalent bonds present in 10gm of water are

(a)     6.074 x 1023 (b)     6.74 x 1023

(c)       6.074 x 1024        (d)     6.74 x 1024

Q18 : The least no. of molecules present in 30 gm of

(a)N2O   (b)     NO

(c)       NO2  (d)     N2O3

Q19: Which of the following has highest percentage of nitrogen

(a) (NH4)2SO4  (b)     NH4H2PO4

(c)       (NH4)2HPO4       (d)     (NH4)3PO4

Q20: 0.1 mole of Na3PO4 completely dissociates in water to produce Na+

(a)   6.02 x 1022          (b)     6.02 x 1023

(c)       1.806 x 1023        (d)     1.806 x 1022

Q21: Efficiency of chemical reaction can be checked by calculating

(a) amount of limiting reactant

(b) amount of the reactant in excess

(c) amount of the product formed

(d) amount of the reactant unused

Q22: A limiting reactant is one

(a) which is present in least amount

(b) which produces minimum no. of moles of product

(c) which produces maximum no. of moles of product

(d) does not effect the amount of product

Q23: Stoichiometry is the branch of chemistry which deals with the study of quantitative relationship among the various

(a)reactants      (b)     products

(c)      Reactants and products (d)     all of above

Q24: 500 cm3 of H2 gas at STP contradictions of hydrogen

(a)       6.02 x 1023 (b) 3.01 x 1022

(c)       2.68 x 1022 (d)     1.34 x 1022

Q25: Largest number of H+ ions are produced by complete ionization of

(a) 0.01 mole of HCl   (b)     0.0050 mole of H2SO4

(c) 0.000334 moles of H3PO4   (d) all above

Q26: The Avogadro’s number is

(a)       6.02 x 1024 (b)     6.02 x 10–24

(c)       6.02 x 10–23        (d)     6.02 x 1023

Q27: The largest number of H+ are produced by complete ionization of

(a) 0.100 2 moles of HCl  (b)         0.051 moles of H2SO4

(c)       0.0334 moles of H3PO4 (d)     All of the above

Q28: A sample of pure matter is

(a) element         (b)     compound

(c)       substance    (d)     mixture

Q29: nm stands for

(a) Newton meter        (b)     Nanometer

(c)       Newton square meter     (d)     none of the above

Q30: One calorie is equal to

(a)       4.184 J        (b)     41.84 J

(c)       0.4184 J      (d)     0.04184 J

Q31: The number of moles of CO2 which contains 8.0 gm of oxygen

(a)   0.25   (b) 0.50

(c)       1.0     (d)     1.50

Q32: 27 grams of Al will react completely with how much mass of O2 to produce Al2O3

(a) 8 gm of oxygen      (b)     16 gm of oxygen

(c)       32 gm of oxygen  (d)     24 gm of oxygen

Q 33: Mole of SO2 contains

(a) 6.02 x 1023 atoms of oxygen

(b) 18.1 x 1023 molecules of SO2

(c) 6.023 x 1023 atom of sulphur

(d) 4 gram of SO2

Q34 :The largest number of molecules are presenting

(a) 3.6 gram of H2O   (b)     4.8 gram of C2H5OH

(c)       2.8 gm of CO       (d)     5.4 gms of N2O5

Q35: The mass of one mole of electron is

(a)       1.008 mg    (b)     0.184 mg

(c)       1.673 mg    (d)     0.55 mg

Q36: Isotopes differ in

(a) properties which depend on mass

(b) arrangements of electrons in orbital

(c) chemical properties

(d) the extent to which they may be affected in electromagnetic field

Q37: The volume occupied by 1.4 gm of N2 at STP is

(a)       224 dm3     (b)     22.4 dm3

(c)       1.12 dm3    (d)     112 cm3

Q38: Many elements have fractional atomic mass. This is because

(a) the mass atom is itself fractional

(b) atomic masses are average masses of isobars

(c) atomic masses are averages masses of isotopes

(d) atomic masses are average masses of isotopes proportional to relative abundance

Q39: A limiting reactant is one which

(a) is taken in lesser quantity in grams as compared to other reactants

(b) is taken in lesser quantity in volume as compared to the other

(c) gives the maximum amount of the product which is required

(d) gives the minimum amount of the product under consideration

Q40: Isotopes when even atomic masses are a comparatively abundant

(a) demper’s spectrograph is superior to that of Aston’s

(b) 0.1 mg of H2O has greater number of molecules then 0.1 mg of CH4

(c) the number of H+ and PO–3 ions are not equal but the number of positive and negative charges

(d) are equal when 100 molecules of H3PO4 are thrown in excess of water

Q41: A molecule having two atoms is called

(a) monoatomic molecules    (b)     diatomic molecules

(c)       Polyatomic molecules  (d)        homoatomic molecule

Q42: An ordinary misoscope is used to measure the object of size

(a) upto 500 nm (b)     upto 850 nm

(c)       upto 1000 nm      (d)     upto 1200 nm

Q43: 1 atomic masses unit (amu) is equation

(a)       1.66 x 10–27 kg   (b)     1.56 x 10–27 kg

(c)       1.76 x 10–21 kg   (d)     1.8 x 10–27 kg

Q44: Nickel has isotopes

(a)       1        (b)     3

(c)       5        (d)     7

Q45: Cadmium has isotopes

(a)       3        (b)     5

(c)       7        (d)     9

Q46 : The pressure of vapours in the separating isotopes by mass spectrometry is kept at

(a) 10–6 torr      (b)     10–4 torr

(c)       10–3 torr    (d)     10–5 torr

Q47 : Number of gram atoms in 0.1 gm of Na is

(a)       0.0043        (b)     0.0403

(c)       0.403 (d)     None of these

Q48 : Molecule of haemoglobin contains atoms


(a) 15,000 (b) 12,000
(c) 10,000 (d) 8,000


Q49 : Hemoglobin is heavier than a hydrogen atom

(a) 65,000 (b) 68,000
(c) 62,000 (d) 60,000



Questions 1 2 3 4 5
Answers b C d c b
Questions 6 7 8 9 10
Answers d b c b c
Questions 11 12 13 14 15
Answers b c b a d
Questions 16 17 18 19 20


Answers a b d d c
Questions 21 22 23 24 25
Answers c b d c d
Questions 26 27 28 29 30
Answers d d a b a
Questions 31 32 33 34 35
Answers a d c a d
Questions 36 37 38 39 40
Answers a c d d c
Questions 41 42 43 44  
Answers c a a c
Questions 45 46 47 48 49
Answers d a a c b


Source : Babar Joya

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